Class “List”

Object > List

Type: List<T> extends Object
Generics: T: any
Constructor: public
Singleton: No
Module: tabris-decorators
Direct subclasses: None
JSX Support: No

The List class provides an API that is a strict subset of Array. In its behavior it differs from Array only when used with the items properties of ListView or ItemPicker. Unlike a normal Array, any changes to a List instance (add, remove, replace) will be detected and applied by these widgets automatically.

ListView is not exported by the tabris module, but by tabris-decorators, which needs to be installed separately.

Creation and Conversion

A List can be created via constructor, List.of or List.from.

The List.from method in particular provides a convenient way to create a List using an array literal:

const list = List.from([1, 2, 3]);

A List can be converted back to a conventional array using Array.from:

const array = Array.from(list);


Just like with array, any entry in a List can be accessed via it’s index:

const list = new List('a', 'b', 'c');
list[0] = "foo";
const foo = list[0];

The length of the list is provided in the length property. Therefore it can be used with traditional for loops:

for (let i = 0; i < list.length; i++) {
  console.log(list[i]); // "a", "b", "c"

But it also works with for...of:

for (const entry of list) {
  console.log(entry); // "a", "b", "c"

And with forEach:

list.forEach(entry =>
  console.log(entry); // "a", "b", "c"

The map method is not supported.


List is meant to be used in TypeScript.

It is generic.

const numbers: List<number> = new List(1, 2, 3);
const a: number = numbers[0]; // OK
const b: string = numbers[0]; // compile error

And only the implemented Array API is declared:

// Compile error since `map` does not belong to the
// subset of Array methods implemented by List:
const result = => entry + 1);

Therefore it can not be assigned to the Array type:

const list: List<number> = new List(1, 2, 3);
const array: number[] = list; // error

However, due to implementation details an Array can not be assigned to the List type either. The ArrayLike type, which is a built into TypeScript, can contain both. However, this makes most of the common API unaccessible. Because of this the tabris-decorators module exports the interface ListLike, which provides the exact subset of List and Array API:

let array: number[] = [1,2,3];
let list: List<number> = new List(1, 2, 3);
let number: number;

list = array; // compile error

// ArrayLike works for both...
let arrayLike: ArrayLike<number>;
arrayLike = array;
arrayLike = list;

// ...but provides only minimal API:
number = arrayLike[0];
number = arrayLike.length;
number = arrayLike.indexOf(2); // compile error :-(

// ListLike declares the entire common API subset:
let listLike: ListLike<number>;
listLike = array;
listLike = list;
number = listLike[0];
number = listLike.length;
number = listLike.indexOf(2); // works :-)

API Reference

All List API is compatible with the respective Array counterpart. More of the Array API may be implemented in the future, but some methods will never be added to prevent ambiguities. To use these methods simply convert the list to an array using Array.from.


The List constructor can be called with the same arguments as the array constructor.

Static Methods

List implements the following static Array methods:


The length property is fully supported. This means it indicates the current length of the list, and can also be set to change it.

const list = List.from([1, 2]);
console.log(list.length); // "2"
list.length = 5; // extends list with 3 empty slots
console.log(list.length); // "5"
console.log(list[3]); // "undefined"

All list entries can be accessed and set via their index. An entry can be set at an position that is outside the current list bounds. In this case the length will be increased accordingly. The in-between slots will be empty.

list.length = 2; // truncate to 2 items
list[5] = 3;
console.log(list.length); // "6"
console.log(list[4]); // "undefined"
console.log(list[5]); // "3"


The following Array instance methods are implemented by List: